Wing Chun Ancestor Rules
If you visit Grandmaster Ip Chun’s school – The Ving Tsun Athletic Association, you will see a marble plaque hanging on the wall with the following rules inscribed in Chinese:
- Be disciplined and respect the Wu De (Martial Art morals).
- Understand courtesy and loyalty. Love your country and respect your parents.
- Love your Kung Fu brothers and sisters. Unite and enjoy to be a group.
- Control your passion (including sex). Protect your Jing (spirit).
- Practise the skill regularly. Keep the skill with you at all times.
- Nourish your Qi. Confrontations and fighting are forbidden.
- Be gentle to handle any events and situations.
- Protect the weak and small. Use your martial art skill in the good way with integrity.
- Carry on our ancestors’ path. Strictly follow their instructions.
These instructions help give us a guideline to be a good student, a good teacher and a good person, because in order to be a good martial artist we need not only to have good skill but a good heart.
Wing Chun Forms
Ip Man Wing Chun Kung Fu has three bare hand forms. They represent different stages in training and teach the you a great many different elements. The forms are:
Siu Lim Tao – “Minimising Thought”
Wing Chun’s first form, literally translated into “Little, Thought and Head”. It emphasises calm in the mind and body. Its purpose is to train Gong Lik (internal strength), Fa Ging (releasing power) and basic hand techniques.
Tsum Kiu – “Seeking the Bridge”
Wing Chun’s second form. Its purpose is to train Wing Chun’s three main footwork techniques, while performing more complex hand techniques.
Biu Tze – “Thrusting Fingers”
Wing Chun’s third form. Its purpose is to train long and short distance attacking techniques using the fingers and elbow.
Each class applications for attacking and defending are taught from each form. It is not until you apply the techniques to different situations that you really understand how to perfect them.
This is a very important part of the Wing Chun skill. Chi Sau is practical training with a partner, and it develops your sensitivity, footwork and and correct use of energy. This training is different than sparring you see in some other martial arts. When playing Chi Sau you can try out different techniques on your Wing Chun brothers and sisters in a friendly environment. Training in this way does not create aggression and it helps you to relax so you get trained in the correct and appropriate hand positions, as well as understanding how to use your energy and not using force against force.
Wooden Dummy – Muk Yan Jong
The Wooden Dummy training helps us to bring together all we have learnt in Chi Sau and forms to polish our ’fighting techniques’. It also allows us to practice Wing Chun kicks and train the accuracy of our stepping and body position.
Wing Chun has two weapons: The Six and a Half Point Pole and the Baat Jam Dao (Wing Chun Knives). The more you train these weapons, the stronger your bones will become and so your Qi will develop to a very high level.